China launched a mission to the dark side of the moon

China launched a mission to the dark side of the moon

China launched a mission to the dark side of the moon

The most ambitious robotic moon probe ever by any space-faring country was launched by China on Saturday morning.

"The mission "Chang'e-4" (Chang'e-4) the probe and the lunar Rover needs to land in the crater of the pocket on the side of the moon that is never visible from the Earth", - stated in the message.

A Long March-3B rocket, carrying the probe including a lander and a rover, blasted off from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwest China's Sichuan Province at 2:23 a.m., opening a new chapter in lunar exploration.

The program's scientific tasks are to perform low-frequency astronomical observations, to investigate landscapes, mineral compositions and geological structures of the landing site, and to conduct lunar environmental research on elements such as neutron radiation and neutral atoms, the administration explained.

It may also carry plant seeds and silkworm eggs, according to the official Xinhua News Agency.

The craft, Chang'e 4, is named after the Chinese goddess of the moon; it features a lunar station and a lunar rover.

It is expected to soft land on the far side of the Moon in January, unveiling the mysterious dark side which is unknown.

Since the Moon spins around the same center of rotation as Earth, it's always facing away from us. The earth's and moon's gravity balances the orbital motion of the satellite and makes it very fuel-efficient.

China landed its Yutu, or "Jade Rabbit." rover on the moon five years ago and plans to send its Chang'e 5 probe there next year and have it return to Earth with samples - the first time that will have been done since 1976.

Rover Utah that was part of the mission "Chang'e-3", explored the satellite in 2013.

After launching, the spacecraft will spend 27 days traveling to the moon. The spacecraft re-entered the earth's atmosphere at a speed of about 11.2 km per second. Its program also suffered a rare setback past year with the dialed launch of its Long March 5 rocket.

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